Natural curative resources

Kherson region is well-known for its unique complex of natural recreational resources under steppe zone conditions. First of all, it is hydrogeological conditions and orographic features of the territory (flatness, absence of sharp natural barriers), which allow to carry out recreational activities without restrictions, including construction of recreational facilities and laying transport, tourist and excursion routes.

The greatest interest for tourism development is the coast of the Black and Azov Seas, the Dnieper and rivers that are part of its basin. Kherson region with its sea beach with the length of more than 200 kilometers, is a recreational reserve of European importance. Moreover, this is a small part of the sea coast of the region. It does not yet take into account the coastal areas, which are not considered as beach in the traditional meaning, in particular coast of the Rotten Sea – Syvash. Some experts say that Syvash’s brine and mud can compete with Dead Sea resources.

There are several deposits of therapeutic mud, brine and water (Lake Solone, Prokopivske, Chervone, iodine-bromine waters on Arabatska Spit) in Kherson region, which are used as medicines by sanatoriums “Hopry”, “Zolota Nyva”, “Arabatska Strilka”, “Chayka”. Sulfide-silt therapeutic muds of Lake Solyane (Hola Prystan) have the following chemical composition: hydrogen sulfide, carotene, hormones, penicillin-like, folliculin-like and other substances. The region has mud reserves in the volume of 87 k m3. Sodium chloride brine of Lake Solyane has the following chemical composition: chlorides, carbonates, bicarbonates, iron, sulfur, potassium, bromine, iodine, magnesium, etc. Brine deposits are forming in the volume of 21 k m3 per year. Reserves of mud and brine of Lake Solyane were approved by the Protocol No. 793 of State Committee of Ukraine on natural resources deposits on December 12, 2003.

Therapeutic muds and brine baths have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, desensitizing effects, accelerate regenerative processes, improve blood circulation, metabolic processes in the body, have a regulatory effect on the central nervous system, increase protective functions of human organism.

Every year during the season almost 1,500 people receive treatment (inpatient and outpatient) only in the sanatorium “Hopry”. With the year-round operation of this institution it is possible to rehabilitate up to 3,000 people a year. Therapeutic mud deposits in the Kalanchak district, which occupy an area of 45 ha with a layer thickness of 10-16 meters, have been barely developed. Unique salt lakes of the Azov-Black Sea coast, brine lakes near the Chonhar Village (Henichesk district) and the village of Heroyske (Hola Prystan district), mineral and thermal waters of the north-western districts of the region are also essential for the resort complex development.

According to the Resolution of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on 11.12.1996 No. 1499 “On approvement of the list of curative water objects”, lakes Hopry, Salkove, Krugle, Prokofyevske and Solone have been added to the mentioned list.

Deposits of therapeutic mud (peloids) in the region are quite widespread along the coast and in Oleshkv district. These deposits are situated at the lakes Hopry, Prokofyevske, Krugle and others. 8 deposits of peloids have been studied. Two of them have medical (balneological) conclusions and are used in the treatment process. There is an enterprise for packing therapeutic muds (peloids) from the western part of the lake Syvash in the village of Hryhorivka, Chaplynka district.

The main natural healing resources of the region are mineral waters. Mineral waters are found in almost all aquifers and complexes, but the waters of the Neogene layer are widely used. According to the chemical composition, waters are divided into slightly mineralized, low-mineralized, medium-mineralized, highly mineralized water and brines. The most commonly found group of waters are low-mineralized. Macrocomponent composition of such waters usually contains sulfate, sulfate-chloride, chloride-sulfate, magnesium chloride and sodium waters. Waters, mainly, do not contain biologically active components and compounds within Ukrainian balneological standards. The water resources can be used for drinking treatment and industrial packaging as a natural mineral curative drinking water.

The territory of the region has unique locations of balneological medical resources. Warm waters of the Sea of Azov, healing bays of Lake Syvash, mild climate, air saturated with bromine and iodine ions, developed infrastructure of recreation and health facilities, unique natural resources made Arabatska Spit a perfect place for recreation and health restoration.

There are a balneological hospital and thermal springs on the Arabatska Spit. One of the most ambitious investment projects of national importance is planned to be implemented on the Arabatska Spit territory. It is International multifunctional rehabilitation complex “InterMedicalEcoCity” for the treatment of chronic diseases of the nervous system. The project currently requires additional investments.

There are about 190 ha of available land plots in Arabatska Spit suitable for construction of modern tourist infrastructure, hotel complexes and recreation centers with balneological resources usage.

Another unique place in Kherson region is Lake Syvash, an one-of-a-kind natural phenomenon in Europe.

Syvash is a huge bay in the Azov Sea. It is a shallow reservoir with many peninsulas, capes, bays and islands, which turn the lake into a complex labyrinth of bays and straits of amazing shapes. Due to isolation, shallow water, fast heating and evaporation, sea water enters through the Tonky strait of the Azov Sea and is converted into brine. As a result, intense evaporation leads to the salt crystallization. The brine of Lake Syvash contains sodium, potassium, magnesium, magnesium chloride, magnesium bromide, magnesium sulfate and other salts. The total deposit of Syvash salt is about 200 million tons.

Salt, mineral muds, endemic vegetation, rare animals – these are just some of the riches of the lake. Isolation and sparse population create favorable conditions for scientific and educational research in this rare corner of nature.

Thus, in order to open these picturesque places for tourists, it is offered to build a spa center and hotel. There are available land plots with total area of 85 ha nearby the lake.